Foot Care for People with Diabetes
People with diabetes have to take extra care of their feet. You should have a foot exam by your doctor every year. If you notice any changes such as loss of feeling, changes in the shape of your feet, dry skin, callouses or foot ulcers then call your doctor to have your feet checked.
Check your feet every day – Look at your bare feet for red spots, cuts, bruises, swelling, or blisters. If you cannot see the bottoms of your feet, use a mirror or ask someone for help.
Wash your feet every day – Dry them carefully, especially between the toes.
Keep your skin soft and smooth – Rub a thin coat of skin lotion over the tops and bottoms of your feet, but not between your toes.
Trim toenails when needed – Trim your toenails straight across and file the edges with an emery board or nail file.
Wear shoes and socks at all times – Never walk barefoot. Wear comfortable shoes that fit well and protect your feet. Check inside your shoes before wearing them. Make sure the lining is smooth and there are no objects inside.
Protect your feet from hot and cold – Wear shoes at the beach or on hot pavement. Don’t put your feet into hot water. Test water before putting your feet in it just as you would before bathing a baby. Never use hot water bottles, heating pads, or electric blankets. You can burn your feet without realizing it. Keep your feet warm
Keep the blood flowing to your feet – Put your feet up when sitting. Wiggle
your toes and move your ankles up and down for 5 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day. Don’t cross your legs for long periods of time. Don’t smoke.
Be more active – Use them. A brisk walk every day is good for you.
Get started now – Begin taking good care of your feet today. Set a time every day to check your feet.
Ask your provider about how
to obtain diabetic shoes.